The most popular two EU directives affect the expo

2022-08-07
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The two EU directives have affected the export of China's traditional household electrical appliances. The EU Directive on scrapped electronic and electrical equipment (hereinafter referred to as the "scrapping directive") formally implemented in August last year has had a preliminary impact on the export of relevant products in Zhejiang Province. In addition, with the EU's directive on banning the use of certain hazardous substances in electronic and electrical equipment to be implemented in July next year, the export of low value-added products such as China's traditional household appliances and small measuring instruments will be greatly affected

the EU's "scrapping directive" stipulates that enterprises producing relevant products are responsible for the recovery of relevant products after scrapping, and must bear the recovery costs. The products covered by the directive include ten categories of products such as large household appliances, small household appliances, lighting equipment and toys (hereinafter referred to as directive products)

according to the statistics of Hangzhou Customs, in January this year, Zhejiang Province exported 160million US dollars of directive products to the EU, an increase of 44.4% year-on-year, but the export growth rate decreased by 54.5% compared with last year, and the export growth rate slowed down

in addition, affected by the "scrapping directive", the export of directive products tends to shift to other markets. Zhejiang's directive products are mainly exported to the EU, the United States and Japan. In January, the growth rate of Zhejiang's directive products exported to the EU was lower than that of the United States and Japan, accounting for 36.6% of the province's total exports of directive products, down 7.3% from last year. In the same period, Zhejiang exported US $80million of ordered products to the United States, a year-on-year increase of 66.3%, accounting for 19.6% of the total exports of ordered products; Export to Japan refers to the efforts to create more transparent and environmentally friendly packaging, resulting in a product value of 50million US dollars, a year-on-year increase of 1.9 times, accounting for 12% of the total export of ordered products

in addition, the directive on the prohibition of the use of certain hazardous substances in electronic and electrical equipment, which was issued at the same time as the "scrapping directive", will also be implemented from july1,2006. The directive stipulates that new electronic and electrical equipment put on the market shall not contain lead, mercury, cadmium, hexavalent chromium, polybrominated diphenyl ethers and polybrominated biphenyls. At that time, these two EU directives are bound to have a greater impact on the export of Zhejiang Province

it is understood that among the export enterprises in Zhejiang Province, the enterprises that export information, communication and digital products (such as notebook computers, digital cameras, etc.) to the EU will be much better and less affected by the two EU directives, while the enterprises that export "Shanghai speed" electrical products and small measuring instruments (such as air conditioners, fans, vacuum cleaners, thermometers, etc.) are greatly affected by the two directives

in January this year, Zhejiang Province exported US $60million in information, communication and digital products to the EU, with a year-on-year increase of 86.5%, 42.1 percentage points faster than the export growth of the province's directive products to the EU; To further improve the water holding capacity and mechanical strength, the EU exported 50million US dollars of traditional household appliances and small measuring instruments, with a year-on-year increase of 17.2%, 27.2 percentage points slower than the export growth of the province's directive products to the EU

according to the analysis, the former is less affected. First, due to the high technical standards of information, communication and digital products, the selected materials are usually environmentally friendly materials, most of which have met the standards of the European Union. Second, because these products have high added value, and more than 90% of the products are exported in the form of processing trade, they are less affected by the recovery costs. These two EU directives have a great impact on the latter, mainly because the recovery costs of scrapped products, the replacement of new materials, and the adoption of new processes will increase the production and management costs of enterprises, while the added value of traditional household electrical appliances is low, and the increased costs have a great impact on such products

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